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Why dont all Muslim women wear hijab?

Olivia Lusala

Why don’t all Muslim women wear hijab?

February 11, 2019

Hijab is an Arabic word which directly translates to “barrier.” Many would recognize the word to mean the headscarf worn by Muslim women out of religious faith. Others would call it a tool of oppression in a patriarchal society that aims to police women’s bodies. City High is home to a growing Muslim student population, some who choose to observe modest dress and others who do not.

Contrary to popular belief, the hijab is not merely a physical object, but rather, it is the concept of both internal and external modesty. It does not simply stop at covering one’s hair. Within the Muslim community, there has been a lot of dispute over whether or not covering the hair is mandatory (fard) to fulfilling the demands of Islam. If this is, in fact, the case, then choosing not to cover one’s head would be impermissible (haram) in the faith.

Feda ElBadri ‘21 is a Muslim woman who chooses not to cover her hair in public.

“For me, [the concept of] hijab is modesty,” ElBadri said. “I don’t want it to seem that anything that I do outwardly somehow shows who I am inside. I don’t think that the way we act and the way we appear to other people somehow means that we’re good or bad.”

Still, many Muslim women who do cover their hair,hijabis, derive confidence and empowerment from their headscarves.

Nadal Elmak ‘21 believes that covering the hair is fard, and first began covering her own hair at the age of twelve. It was a decision that came not without strong deliberation on her part.

“I was like, ‘What if people start bullying me because I’m wearing this hijab? And I see other people getting mean comment[s]. Maybe I shouldn’t wear it,’” Elmak said.

Despite her inhibitions, she ultimately decided to wear a headscarf to school one day in seventh grade.

“I felt nervous. It was really scary and people would just stare at you,” Elmak said.

Though three years after that first day in seventh grade, Elmak has yet to regret her initial decision to begin covering her hair and believes that it has strengthened both her spirituality and her confidence.

“I feel like a hijab is protection from other people,” said Elmak, “I don’t need anyone. I can talk and feel protected with the hijab. I feel Allah [God] with me everywhere.”

While Elmak may have had to come to term with her anxieties about other people’s perceptions of her hijab, ElBadri has dealt with misconceptions surrounding her spirituality and commitment to Islam due to choosing not to cover her hair.

“People don’t think I’m Muslim or they think that I’m not religious,” said Elbadri. “I cover my hair to pray, and perhaps because hijab is interwoven with communicating to God for me, it is always going to have that wearer-to-God connection.”

The Muslim community is a large one, with an estimated 1.8 billion followers, according to the Pew Research Center. With that kind of size, it should come at no surprise that not all followers of “the world’s fastest growing major religion” believe covering one’s hair and abiding by the rules of hijab are a required part of the faith.

Samina Ali is an outspoken author, Muslim feminist, and activist who has written for The Huffington Post and The Daily Beast among others. Her TEDx Talk “What does the Quran really say about a Muslim woman’s hijab?” has garnered over 3.8 million views since it was first published at the beginning of 2017. In it, she describes hijab as it is interpreted in the modern day as a byproduct of misogyny, functioning as a tool to police Muslim women’s bodies and keep them in roles which are subservient to their male counterparts.

“It’s the women who’ve committed the crimes. It’s the women who got these funny ideas in their heads, ideas that actually led them out of the house, led them into society, believing that they can make a contribution, and we all know, honorable women, they stay at home; honorable women stay invisible,” Ali said in her speech.

Muslim women’s relationship with hijab does not exist on a binary. A woman’s perspective on the idea of hijab may even change within her own lifetime. Enter Dina Torkia.

Torkia, better known by her web alias, Dina Tokio, is a Youtube personality and social media influencer who first rose to prominence making hijab tutorials and marketing herself as a modest fashion icon, recently caused a stir online when she chose to publicly discontinue wearing her headscarf.

Torkia, who also made comments condemning the community of Muslims who choose to don the headscarf as a “toxic cult,” has since received torrents of negative backlash for her public decision. So much so, that she was able to make a 45-minute video just by reading through the vitriolic comments on her videos.

Torkia provides a very public and severe example of the criticism that Muslim women face when making decisions about how best to follow their faith. While having doubts about hijab is not uncommon, many women do not end up removing their headscarves as a result of them.

Heibat Ahmad ‘21, much like Elmak, was in the seventh grade when she first began covering her hair.

“I had just come back from my trip to Sudan and I saw all my neighbors and family wearing them. I wanted to try it out and I stuck with it,” Ahmad said.

Unlike Elmak, however, Ahmad did have doubts following her decision.

“The exact same day, seventh grade, I was sitting in the car and I was about to be dropped off. I was sitting in the car and I was like, ‘You know, I kind of don’t want to do this,’ But I went inside and did it anyway,” Ahmad said.

Neither Ahmad nor Elmak can recall ever having felt pressure from family members to begin covering their hair.

“I think that they would be shocked by the change because I’ve worn [a headscarf] consistently for four years now, but I think that they would be fine [if I took it off],” Ahmad said.

At the end of the day, ElBadri wants Muslim girls to know that they have a choice when it comes to whether or not they will cover their hair.

“If we say something like, ‘All Muslim women should wear hijab,’ what are we going to do then? Are we going to make it a problem for Muslim women who don’t wear hijab?” asked Elbadri. “I value the connection that [I] have to God, to Allah, more than anything else. If you feel that [covering your hair] will strengthen your connection, then you do what you do. You do it to be a better Muslim, to be a better person. I don’t want it to be that you’re trying to be better for anybody else, because at the end of the day it’s about you and your relationship with your religion.”


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  • C

    ColetteAug 2, 2021 at 3:28 am

    Thanks for sharing this, it’s really interesting.

    Religious text do feel biased by the dominant beliefs in the time period the wisdom was channeled.

    Out of curiosity, are there references to men having to lower their gaze, mind their chastity and not display their charms beyond their immediate family circle?

  • K

    Kristin RochonJul 23, 2021 at 1:40 am

    It cracks me up when people condemn others then quote any of the many religions. There are seven billion people on the planet. If one billion are Muslim then six billion are not. That would be suggesting that six billion people are going against Allahs will well half because only the women right…. I respect everyone’s religious beliefs especially if it makes you feel closer to god. Men should wear one as well. They could get close to god too. Its kinda silly to suggest that six billion people are out of favor due to not wearing a head scarf. I respect all religions however im American and believe im equal to a man. I have an education, job, child, nice home and if i was going to wear that I would gsve my husband wear one too. If its not about opportunity or oppression then have the men wear them as well. Problem solved.

  • C

    ClarisssMay 19, 2021 at 4:23 pm

    It is not specified in the Quran to wear a Hijab. A head covering is for prayer, because of the power of the angels. If you understand history, the Hijab is from the Roman Catholic Church and their doctrines in the middle east.

  • A

    Ali JafferyApr 20, 2021 at 3:02 pm

    “Why don’t all women wear hijab?”, the answer is simple, it is due to the watering down of faith, we have seen this in other religions such as Christianity and Judaism where secular and westernised ideologies are favoured which distort the religion. Religion is eternal, it does not change which time even if the society and social opinions change. Islam is very clear on the ruling of Hijab, it is commanded by Allah and there is no exception, Quran chapter 24 verse 31 states ‘وَقُل لِّلْمُؤْمِنَاتِ يَغْضُضْنَ مِنْ أَبْصَارِهِنَّ وَيَحْفَظْنَ فُرُوجَهُنَّ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا مَا ظَهَرَ مِنْهَا ۖ وَلْيَضْرِبْنَ بِخُمُرِهِنَّ عَلَىٰ جُيُوبِهِنَّ ۖ وَلَا يُبْدِينَ زِينَتَهُنَّ إِلَّا لِبُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَائِهِنَّ أَوْ آبَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَائِهِنَّ أَوْ أَبْنَاءِ بُعُولَتِهِنَّ أَوْ إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي إِخْوَانِهِنَّ أَوْ بَنِي أَخَوَاتِهِنَّ أَوْ نِسَائِهِنَّ أَوْ مَا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُهُنَّ أَوِ التَّابِعِينَ غَيْرِ أُولِي الْإِرْبَةِ مِنَ الرِّجَالِ أَوِ الطِّفْلِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يَظْهَرُوا عَلَىٰ عَوْرَاتِ النِّسَاءِ ۖ وَلَا يَضْرِبْنَ بِأَرْجُلِهِنَّ لِيُعْلَمَ مَا يُخْفِينَ مِن زِينَتِهِنَّ ۚ وَتُوبُوا إِلَى اللَّهِ جَمِيعًا أَيُّهَ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ’. This translates to ‘And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and to be mindful of their chastity, and not to display their charms [in public] beyond what may [decently] be apparent thereof; hence, let them draw their head-coverings over their bosoms. And let them not display [more of] their charms to any but their husbands, or their fathers, or their husbands’ fathers, or their sons, or their husbands’ Sons, or their brothers, or their brothers’ sons, or their sisters’ sons, or their womenfolk, or those whom they rightfully possess, or such male attendants as are beyond all sexual desire, or children that are as yet unaware of women’s nakedness; and let them not swing their legs [in walking] so as to draw attention to their hidden charms And [always], O you believers – all of you – turn unto God in repentance, so that you might attain to a happy state!’, according to Al-Afsay with several other translations being basically the same.

    If you want to understand why all Muslim women do not wear hijab then simply look towards the questions ‘Why don’t Christians circumcise?’ ‘Why don’t Christians refrain from eating pork?’. It is because Christianity has been adapted by its adherents so they will fit into society and eliminate social pressure. Religion and faith is being reformed into something new which is different from the true original religion.

    Hijab will always be obligatory for the Muslim woman as Allah has commanded it out rightly in the Quran, no matter how any woman tries to object to this through either her action or her speech, it will not change the truth.

  • E

    EmmeApr 17, 2021 at 8:31 pm

    Penelope… I hear you. Faith like any kind of commitment has different levels. No one should feel coerced by others to embrace a level of commitment they are not ready for. Start where you are. That should be good enough. Stay open and see where YOUR journey takes you.

  • Y

    Yaritneth ColonApr 8, 2021 at 7:46 pm

    Hello I became Muslim one year ago, I still learning and getting into Islam . My question is it haram to not wear hijab married or not ? And Why it’s haram?
    I very confused I been searching and watching videos about it but I still don’t understand. I didn’t grow up into Islam I was raise different where my hair was always open and dress differently . So I want someone to help me understand the meaning of it why it’s. Haram not wearing hijab.

  • S

    SadeeJan 15, 2021 at 10:26 am

    Ew. Self hating requires therapy.

    “It’s the women who’ve committed the crimes. It’s the women who got these funny ideas in their heads, ideas that actually led them out of the house, led them into society, believing that they can make a contribution, and we all know, honorable women, they stay at home; honorable women stay invisible,” Ali said in her speech

  • C

    CristinNov 12, 2020 at 8:23 am

    I read about hijab being a barrier & that it has something to do with modesty.
    I have 2 questions:
    #1 – How is showing one’s hair in public associated in any way with immodesty?

    #2 – I see (apparently Muslim) women & girls wearing hijabs, who appear to be in their late teens or twenties, dressed immodestly in jeans & revealing tops, & other garments in an immodest way, acting visibly in a way that attracts attention to themselves. How does this uphold the hijab as a mark or reminder of modesty? I cannot make sense of it.
    P.S. I am female. Not criticizing, but curious.

  • A

    AliNov 5, 2020 at 7:34 pm

    Subhannallah, welcome to islam sister Penelope. It sounds like you are already a good muslim with a kind heart. Meditate on the Quran and remain steadfast in prayer and Allah SWT will guide you on the straight path.

    Regarding this hadith, I do not have enough knowledge to comment on its context or translation. Thank you for asking your question as it’s led me to research more into islam and our deen. The first word revealed to our Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be upon Him) from Allah SWT was “Iqra” which means to Read. To seek knowledge is incumbent upon us, and so I would like commend you for reading the Quran and researching hadith, and would also like to share some links I found interesting after reading your comment and learning of this hadith for the first time. -The late islamic feminist Fatima Mernissi explores this hadith in an apparently well researched and thorough manner. -A brief exposition on the aforementioned book -another book by the same author -Reviews of this book by numerous muslim (and non muslim) women

  • P

    Penelope LukeOct 24, 2020 at 8:39 am

    Good Day, I have been reading the Quaran and truly believe in the words of Mohamad.[peace be with him] I do have some issues with a few Hadith concerning women, especially concerning Abu Bakra after the war with A’sha and Ali. he says “Those who entrust their affairs to women will never know prosperity” For me this goes against Mohamad’s[peace be with him]teaching of democracy and his respect for woman .He valued Hadija and A’sha’s comments. I am also a woman who dislikes head coverings of any kind on me personally, [Although there are many beautiful head scarves] can I be a good Muslim woman without the hijab? I do understand some of the reasons in Mohamad’s [peace be with him}time was for protection and modesty and maybe today, but unnecessary for me to relate to God. Prayer, kindness and respect I am hoping are the main teachings I am connecting with. Thank you for your opinion PS . I am a Canadian woman raised Anglican. I have not followed a religion in many years and always beleived in one God and honesty etc, but struggled with all religions feeling they are the only true one. Penelope